TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint) pain refers to the facial pain accompanying clenching, grinding and clicking sound.
Jaw Region Basic Anatomy
Jaw region is a true synovial joint as the junction between Mandible and Temporal bone. Inside the joint, there is a disc, separing the joint space, which will displace according to motion of opening and closing mouth. Types of motion took place in TMJ includes Opening, Closing, Protusion, Retrusion and Lateral Motion.
Muscles for closing mouth, including Temporalis and Masseter, are stronger than those responsible for openning mouth.
TMJ Symptoms when being Dysfunction
- Clenching of teeth
- Grinding during Sleeping
- Jaw area facial pain
- Clicking or Pop sound during mouth Opening or Closing
- Jaw deviate to either side during mouth Opening or Closing
- Tension Headache
- Shoulder or Neck Pain
- Discomfort during chewing
How Traditional Chinese Medicine and Physiotherapy help?
- Postural Advise
Correct neck and head posture, relieve jaw stress.
- Acupuncture and Dry Needling
Relieve pain, and study suggests might help for cartilage regeneration.
- Cupping Therapy
Release muscle tightness, and improve circulation to the affected area.
- Massage and Manual therapy
Release muscle tightness, correct alignment and improve joint range of motion.
- Traditional Chinese Medicine
Improve body energy level, and promote balance of health.
- Exercise Therapy
Promote injuried tissue healing, improve function of affected area.
1) The system review reviewed the publication of Acupuncture / Laser Acupuncture treating Temporomandibular Joint Disorder, from 1990 to 2005. Four studies met the criterion, and showed results similar to those observed in groups treated with occlusal splints and were significantly superior than those obtained from placebo acupuncture-treated groups.
Fernandes, A., Moura, D., Silva, L. D., Almeida, E. D., & Barbosa, G. (2017). Acupuncture in Temporomandibular Disorder Myofascial Pain Treatment: A Systematic Review. Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache, 31(3), 225-232. doi:10.11607/ofph.1719 (Read)