Sprained ankle is the main pain of ankle injury, while bunion and plantar fasciitis are main sources of chronic pain.
Ankle region basic anatomy
Ankle joint includes three joints, they are Inferior Tibiofibular Joint, Talocrural Joint and Subtalar Joint.
The joint is supported by medial and lateral ligament, and it is least stable in plantarflexion, while comparing with dorsiflexion. The medial or deltoid ligaments are stronger than lateral ligament. As a result, 80% of ligamentous sprains are caused by inversion sprain motion.
Common Ankle Pain Reason:
Ligamentous sprains account for most of the ankle injury. To check for sprain ankle, practitioners or patients could not miss the following three ligament ATFL, CFL and PTFL.
Lesser common reasons could not be missed, including Medial ligament injury, Tibialis Posterior Tendinitis, Peroneal Tendinitis, Osteochondral lesion of the talus.
How Traditional Chinese Medicine & Physiotherapy can we
Helps diagnosis of problem and formulate appropriate training protocol for ankle and feet.
Acupuncture and Needling
Pain relief and promote circulation to the affected area.
Insole Orthotics prescription
Improve the functions of locomotion, especially for flat feet or high foot arch patients.
Massage and Mnaual Therapy
Release muscle tightness, improve joint alignment and function.
Traditional Chinese Medicine
Improve body energy level, promote balance of health.
Promote injured tissue healing, improve proprioception of the affected ankle.
Generally, treatment is based on the stage of patient's condition. For example, aims of treatment in acute stage include pain and inflammation control. While conditions progress into sub-acute and chronic stage, target would change to swelling subside, recovery of function, and back to premorbid stages.